by Mark Humbert. To choose such a target – the liberal paradigm- became obvious to me after several years spent to try to build a Political and Ethical Knowledge in Economic Activities (PEKEA). This PEKEA attempt was triggered by dissatisfaction with standard economic theory, two shortcomings of which had been pointed out.
by Marc Humbert. I will first recall the context which led to the second convivialist manifesto, then I will sketch the evolution of the world between the two publications, Tools for conviviality in 1973 and the Second Manifesto in 2020. I will present in part III, Illich’s book as a Critical Theory and I will finally link all that to the Convivialism’s principles.