The attacks in Paris on 13 November last year not only deeply affected France, the horror and dismay were also immense in Germany. The attacks in the vicinity of the stadium, in the streets, and in Bataclan were aimed at the liberal coexistence of citizens. Public space – with its possibilities to come together for sport and music, in bars, restaurants, and public places – was targeted by the bombers. In fact, one can agree with many commentators, when they emphasized immediately after the attacks that the core of Western values had been hit. The urban conviviality of Paris – which allows a harmonious coexistence in public space under the conditions of equality of religions, genders, and cultures – was attacked that evening.
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