The kind invitation for this Symposium I received in Paris mentionned that it was organized in order to promote mutual understanding among civilisations. It seems to me that one of the obstacles in the path of dialogue between Western culture and non Western cultures is the sense Westerners have that their conception of individual is better than any other and that the progress leads necessarily to this conception. For this reason, I will try to point out certain aspects of our conception of individual which, far from being valuable for anybody on this planet, are just, I think, delusory beliefs.
Most of the time, the western modern conception of individual presents itself as a whole, as if its different aspects were inseparable one from the other. So, to avoid this “take it or leave it”, I suggest a basic distinction between two main sides of this conception….